Panicum maximum



Native from Southern Africa, The Fataque was introduced in 1756 on La Réunion. Very common in both the dry and humid areas of the east, at low and medium altitude, it grows preferentially in deserted fallows, along roadsides among others. Its expansion is restrained by the action of salty drizzles coming from the littoral, and by the decreasing temperatures in rising altitude.

It is one of the most common weeds in farming cultures. It is present in 55% of the cultivated areas and in 65% of the sugar cane cultivation plots. It is one of the major weeds of the farming cultures showing regularly a medium to high recovery rate, up to 70 to 85%.

It produces large quantities of fire-friendly dry matter. It is resistant to fire but can become very dominant when it catches fire. Widespread in the LIFE + Forest Sèche project area, it is used to cram native dry forest species, but it is very invasive and has already proven to spread fire easily.